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Seafood is a term used to describe a wide variety of edible aquatic animals that humans consume, including fish, shellfish, crustaceans, and mollusks. This food category is a vital source of protein and nutrients for many people and is consumed worldwide. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, global per capita seafood consumption has increased steadily over the years, and in 2018, it was estimated at 20.5 kg per capita, up from 9 kg per capita in 1961.
Seafood is harvested in two ways, through fishing and aquaculture. Fishing involves the capture of wild fish and shellfish from oceans, rivers, and other bodies of water. Aquaculture, on the other hand, is the practice of cultivating and farming seafood in controlled environments, such as fish farms, shellfish farms, and hatcheries. This method of seafood production has grown in popularity in recent years, as it provides a reliable and sustainable source of seafood.
Shellfish, which include crustaceans and mollusks, are a popular type of seafood that are enjoyed by many people worldwide. Some popular crustaceans include shrimp, crabs, and lobsters, while mollusks include oysters, clams, and mussels. Echinoderms, such as sea urchins, are also considered seafood in some cultures.
Edible sea plants, such as seaweed and microalgae, are also consumed as seafood in many parts of the world, particularly in Asia. These plants are often used in soups, salads, and other dishes and are a rich source of nutrients, including vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.
Seafood is often considered a luxury food item and is commonly used in high-end restaurants and hotels. Seafood restaurants specialize in seafood cuisine and offer a range of dishes that feature fish and shellfish as their main ingredients. These restaurants often emphasize the use of fresh seafood, and the availability of fish may vary depending on the season and fishing industry.
Seafood restaurants may also offer non-seafood items such as chicken and beef dishes, but the focus is often on the seafood dishes. The decor of seafood restaurants is often marine-themed, with fishnets, buoys, and other nautical imagery. Here are some kinds of seafood.
Fish: Fish are a type of aquatic vertebrates that possess certain distinguishing features such as gills, fins, and scales covering their elongated body. Some common fish species that are popularly consumed include rainbow trout, tilapia, salmon, tuna, and pollock. However, not all fish have scales, such as the catfish.
Molluscan shellfish: Molluscan shellfish are another type of aquatic animals that are invertebrates and possess a shell. These creatures have a soft, unsegmented body that is either wholly or partly enclosed by the shell. Some examples of mollusks that are commonly consumed include oysters, clams, mussels, squid, and scallops.
Crustaceans: Crustaceans are arthropods, which belong to a group of animals that also includes insects and spiders. They are known for their hard, close-fitting shell that is periodically shed. Popular crustaceans that are sold as seafood include shrimp, lobsters, crabs, and crayfish (also known as crawfish).
How Healthy Is Seafood?
Seafood is a highly nutritious source of protein, vitamins, and minerals, particularly those found in fish and shellfish such as salmon, clams, and shrimp. These foods are high in essential nutrients like selenium, zinc, vitamin A, and B-complex vitamins, which are vital for maintaining overall health.
In addition to being a good source of essential vitamins and minerals, seafood is one of the few foods that contain vitamin D, which is essential for healthy bone growth and calcium absorption. This nutrient also helps boost the immune system, which can help prevent infections and illnesses.
Another key nutrient found in seafood is omega-3 fatty acids, which are essential for maintaining heart health and brain function. While our bodies cannot produce these fatty acids naturally, they can be obtained through the consumption of certain types of fish, such as salmon, sardines, trout, herring, tuna, mackerel, and oysters. These types of fish are particularly rich in omega-3s and are therefore considered some of the best seafood to include in one’s diet.
Top Seafood Restaurants In Istanbul
Many seafood restaurants offer a wide range of seafood options, from local fish to exotic delicacies from around the world. Below are some seafood restaurants in Istanbul.
Şiva Oyster Fish Restaurant
The Sultanahmet district is a popular destination for visitors who want to experience the grandeur of these magnificent structures, which are a testament to the rich history and cultural heritage of Istanbul. In addition to these world-famous attractions, the district has managed to retain a peaceful and calm atmosphere, making it a delightful place to explore on foot. The district is home to a network of quaint lanes and side streets, as well as majestic panoramas of the Bosphorus, which offer visitors an opportunity to experience the beauty of Istanbul from a unique perspective.
Fish Suada Club
The Fish Suada Club is a remarkable seafood restaurant located in Istanbul, Turkey. It is an excellent choice for tourists who want to experience the unique flavors of Turkish seafood while enjoying a breathtaking view of the Bosphorus and its magnificent blue waters. The Suada Club is situated on the only island in the middle of the Bosphorus, which offers a stunning view of the water, including Kurucesme, the mouth of the Bosphorus, and beyond.
The restaurant’s menu features a range of traditional Turkish mezzes, seasonal fish specialties, and delicious desserts, such as Turkish delight. The Fish Suada Club is an ideal location for visitors who want to enjoy a romantic evening meal or a special occasion with family and friends. With its magnificent views and exceptional cuisine, the Fish Suada Club is a must-visit destination for anyone who wants to experience the best of Turkish hospitality.
Ahirkapi Balikcisi is a hidden gem located on a backstreet in Istanbul. The restaurant has a cozy atmosphere, with four indoor and five outdoor tables. While the owner prefers to keep the restaurant “unpopular” and “private,” the food is absolutely delicious. The small cooked fish is a standout dish, and the homemade desserts, including the popular Turkish halva made by the owner’s wife, are also highly recommended. While it may be a bit of a struggle to get to Ahirkapi using public transportation, the reward of a fantastic seafood meal is well worth the effort.
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